How to Compare Means in SPSS?

How to Compare Means in SPSSVery few people will use the software and not have to compare means in SPSS on at least a regular basis. It’s probably one of the most routine tasks that users deal with. As a result, many people are already familiar with how to do it but they might not know all of the best ways to do it. Those who need a little assistance will want to inspect the Analysis Menu and spend a little bit of time experimenting with it before they move onto anything more advanced. In addition, learning how to import an Excel into SPSS is a great way to improve connectivity between programs. This guide will show how it’s done easily.

Checking Out Mean Options

Each individual mean comparison procedure is located on a submenu that’s underneath the overall Analysis Menu and is defined as:

= Means: this feature calculates individual subgroup means and each related univariate statistics for some dependent variables within different categories

= One-Sample T Test: this procedure tests if the mean of a separate variable is different from a single specified constant number

= Independent-Samples T Test: this test compares means for a separate pair of cases

= Paired-Samples T Test: this checks to see if two variable measurements have comparable means for a single group

= One-Way ANOVA: this procedure inspects and provides an analysis of variance for a single treatment factor in order to test a hypothesis involving several different means

Some users will end up relying on General Linear Model features or even have a look at the “Non-parametric Tests” menu. Either way is an excellent way to compare multiple means SPSS, but then again the variance tests that the One-Way ANOVA menu provides are usually better anyway. Generally the very first means setting is the one that’s going to be used anyway, so often if some other way is being looked at it won’t actually be as necessary as it appears.

How to Get Means Compared

The general task of comparing means in SPSS is much easier than it sounds. Users don’t have to worry too much about what they’re comparing when they’re using the general means menu, so they can apply that to most different types of tests. While experimenting should always be encouraged, save often. Mean comparisons might end up generating variables and these could cause a few errors.



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How Reverse Coding in SPSS?

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Anyone who wants to really control the software needs to learn a little SPSS coding. Those with extensive experience in the field of computer science will find this to be quite easy. Fortunately, the programming code that the software uses is not too different from many other object-oriented programming languages, so those who have experience with anything high-level that makes use of mathematical commands over memory coordinate ones should be ready to go. Besides, choosing between Minitab and SPSS is rather difficult for many users, but our professional guide will help to show when one is clearly better than the other.

Taking Care of Coding Tasks

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Remember to always label variables and enter any scores as normal when starting to reverse code. This is much easier when learning how to code data in SPSS than to mentally reverse everything. Those who reverse everything in their head and then enter them as reversed have a tendency to make mistakes along the way. Keep a few basic programming tips in mind whenever reverse coding and follow these steps:

  • After the variables have been entered, click on Transform and select “Recode into Same Variable” or different if things haven’t been coded in one take. Selecting the “Different” function reverses each score and includes them in an extra variable.
  • Select the variable that needs to be recoded and enter new values for each response.
  • Repeat this process for each thing that had to be reverse coded.
  • If any data values are missing in the data coding, be sure to mark them coded as missing.
  • Check the data entry options by running the Frequencies or Descriptives Min Max features to make sure that each individual Likert items are in the right range.

Use syntax features to recode variables, and remember that whenever data is being transformed it’s very useful to keep a syntax file on hand to point to later on. This will help keep the way that the code was redone in mind. In addition, learning how to import an Excel into SPSS is a great way to improve connectivity between programs. This guide will show how it’s done easily.

spss coding help

Using the Compute Command

There’s a little SPSS coding trick that involves the compute command. If someone wants to recode a 5-point Likert scale, they can easily use the reverse coded Q01 feature with:

COMPUTE RQ01 = ( 6 – Q01) .

Those who want to avoid creating new variables should change the code line to:

COMPUTE Q01 = ( 6 – Q01 ) .

A full 5 point scale recode could be as easy as:

RECODE Q01 ( 1 = 5 ) ( 2 = 4 ) ( 4 = 2 ) (5 = 1 )

Nevertheless, the compute command is usually viewed as a more efficient manner of coding.

If you need help with reverse coding in SPSS – simply contact us!

How to Import Data from Excel to SPSS Using Converter?

How to Import Data from Excel to SPSS Using ConverterGoing to import excel into SPSS shouldn’t be too hard, but a few complications might make it a little more difficult for some consumers. The variety of Excel spreadsheet formats that are now in use is probably the most notable complication that people run into, though there are others. If both pieces of software are functioning perfectly fine then there really shouldn’t be anything wrong with either. The process should be rather quick. Moreover, it’s worth visiting our site where you may get additional information about how we can help with SPSS.

Working with Excel Spreadsheets

The first step on the way to convert excel to SPSS is, of course, to open up the SPSS software. Then follow the remaining steps to transfer excel to SPSS:

1) Users who are prompted with a window that asks something like “What would you like to do?” should choose the second option, which generally reads “Type in Data” depending on the version of the software in question.

2) Select the File menu and then navigate to the Open function.

3) Select the bottom to drop down box and then select the type of file as Excel, which should include XLS, XLSX and XLSM files.

4) Navigate to the exact Excel file in question and click on Open.

5) This should cause the “Opening Excel Data Source” dialogue box to open up, which should permit the user to import a spreadsheet.

Sometimes a spreadsheet will have taken the opportunity to define variable names from the first row. There’s a “Read Variable Names from the first row of data” option for users who are dealing with this sort of thing. Some people like to define names in this section, so people will very often need to select this. Otherwise, the variable names will have to be manually defined at a later occasion. This might take a few moments when there are numerous variables, but there shouldn’t usually be more than maybe ten. Besides, choosing between Minitab and SPSS is rather difficult for many users, but our professional guide will help to show when one is clearly better than the other.

Loading up Spreadsheets

It’s possible to also use this function to load up spreadsheets formatted with different techniques. Some people use comma-delimited values or something similar, and these spreadsheets are just as popular as regular Excel options. The benefit of this format is that it allows for the use of text editors to look at SPSS data. Here is an example.


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Should I Choose SPSS or Minitab?

Should I Choose SPSS or MinitabPicking SPSS or Minitab can be difficult, and an entire field of academic research has started to grow around that choice in its own right. There was a prominent white paper written on the topic, and this caused the debate to fuel up even more. Overall the choice depends on what sort of thing is supposed to be accomplished. Depending on the task the choice could change, and a few people use more than one piece of software. Regardless, this is usually considered too expensive to do so a choice has to be made. What is more, getting SPSS assignment help can be very important, especially when one is up against the clock. Talk to one of our top professionals today about options.

Looking at Differences

Perhaps the biggest difference between SPSS and Minitab from a statistical standpoint is the manner in which the two handle binary response data. While the results given are generally the same, those who pay constant close attention will notice that the three link functions differ to some degree. On top of this, several other functions deliver different results:

  • Users may see Minitab deliver a different result for logic runs
  • Normal runs will usually produce varying results
  • Different response variables will come out of the two packages
  • Complementary logo-log functions are handled in a very different way
  • Odds ratios for individual model parameters will change on the two platforms
  • Default binary dependent probability is different for each

In addition, the lesser-known SAS package uses a smaller value by setting zero to default in order to estimate probability. SPSS and Minitab both instead set a higher sorted value to one as a default. This has a huge influence on estimated parameters, and this may be why fewer people continue to use the SAS package over the other two. Moreover, it’s worth visiting our site where you may get additional information about how we can help with SPSS.

Minitab generally performs the best when it comes to fit tests. The software offers a number of different tests for this:

  • Deviance
  • Pearson
  • Hosmer-Lemeshow Chi-square

Choosing Between the Two

When trying to decide between Minitab and SPSS, it’s obvious that user-friendliness will not be a factor. Both are very innovative and can be used even by those who might not be familiar with the packages. While a working knowledge of mathematics is, of course, a must, nothing else really is. This may be another reason the two are often picked over the older SAS packages that are still on the market.

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Who can Help with SPSS?

Who can Help with SPSSAnyone looking for SPSS help for students should check out our professional service, which is geared toward providing those who need assignment assistance with the sort of writing and analysis that the need. In many classroom environs, it isn’t enough to just perform an analysis. Students have to find some way to present the information as well, and this usually means some type of writing. That causes problems for those who have difficulties organizing data and creating decent labels. Besides, setting up an SPSS database feature is rather confusing for those going at it for the first time. Let our professional experts help you get through it all.

Looking at Documentation

The first thing many people do when they need help with SPSS is to look up tutorials, but reading different types of online documentation might be better, to begin with. The developers of the software very often write this sort of documentation, and IBM has actually built up a fairly nice database in its own right. That tends to help when specific questions about the software are asked.

One of the biggest benefits of online documentation is the fact that it has a search feature. Using the search feature can help a lot when looking for something specific. Even large plain text files written about the SPSS platform can be parsed by using the CTRL+F feature that’s present in a basic type of text editor.

Still, it doesn’t help students who need professional assistance, since they might actually need someone to provide sample information or do an analysis for them. Those who have too many variables to work with might want to explore this option since there’s a practical limit to how much work could be accomplished on a personal level. As a result, students are starting to flock to these resources.

Hiring Out for Help

Individuals looking for help with SPSS will want to get in touch with a private organization. Certified professionals are standing by for those who need such assistance, and they’ll also put together reports for those who need them. It’s an excellent way to improve a grade, and students who have been suffering from the complexity of very large projects might want to give it a try. There possible might be no any other way for that matter, so looking into it is very often a great idea. What is more, getting SPSS assignment help can be very important, especially when one is up against the clock. Observe here an example.

Talk to one of our top professionals today about options.

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Professional SPSS Support Online

Professional SPSS Support OnlineGetting SPSSPSS support comes in a few different packages. Professional assignment assistance is what many students need in order to keep up with the types of projects that they’re given as part of a university level statistics or sociology program. Individuals who use SPSS regularly might also want to have a look at the on-board help system. This part of the program is still no replacement for professionals, but it might help those learning a little more. In addition, you may find more information about boxplot SPSS  by visiting our site.

Help Files and Documentation

The program’s documentation and online support come straight with the software. While several books exist that talk about different ways in which to use the software, this isn’t usually necessary. There are HTML files that come with the software, though they might also be distributed differently dependent on the vendor.

In addition to these, there are usually tutorials that are provided by the actual institutions that require the use of the software. These tutorials generally make use of examples that have to do explicitly with the academic research that the institutions are assigning.

Never neglect the Help menu. This menu generally connects to Compiled HTML Files. CHM documents are an excellent way to ensure that information from the developer gets to individual users. Generally, any late-breaking information is given in a Readme file that accompanies the installation. In a few cases, there may be other plain text documents that assist the user.

Nevertheless, none of this ultimately provides what many people are looking for. Those who want someone to help them out with their homework will need something entirely different to move ahead, and they’re going to have to contract out with the professionals.

Professional SPSS Assistance

Students who need SPSS homework help should contract with certified freelance professional assignment fillers because these agents can make sure that they get example material that shows exactly how a project should be completed. Anyone can place an order for the statistical analysis to be done. It might also be beneficial to get in touch with a professional writer. This is because so many classes require a written report to identify the manner in which a project is to be presented in addition to the actual numerical work as well. Besides, setting up an SPSS database feature is rather confusing for those going at it for the first time. Let our professional experts help you get through it all.

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How to Create SPSS Database?

How to Create SPSS DatabaseWhile doing a SPSS database download is the easiest way to import data straight into a project, it isn’t always possible. On many occasions its important to create a database from scratch, so learning about the procedure needed to start this kind of thing up is vital in some situations. Take the time to build the database correctly. Even a small error introduced early on in the process can have fairly serious consequences later on. Moreover, you may learn more about how to bootstrap SPSS on our site.

Building Up a Database

There are a few SPSS database example steps that newer users might want to follow:

1) Open up the SPSS software and navigate over to the Data Editor window.

2) Choose the Data View button so that data can be entered.

3) Enter the data and then change the screen over to the Variable View by selecting the button alongside the Data View button.

4) Provide variable names if desired by click on current names and typing in new ones.

5) Give the variables a Variable Label by clicking on the cell in the Label column and providing some new text then assign them each some values.

6) Define value labels and type in labels in each individual section.

7) Save the data by using the file menu.

8) Make a selection from the menu bar in order to start an analysis.

9) Select an operation to be preformed.

10) Make sure to make additional saves if required.

This should help to build up a decent database. Of course some projects won’t require users to set individual labels, but then again its usually a good idea to do so. It’s easy to get confused when working with the default labels, which usually come out to something like var-00003 or something similar. Naming the data will help to make the analysis to make more sense.

New Database Options

With each new release of the software there are new ways to set up the database itself, but the basic building blocks haven’t changed at all. This has helped to increase compatibility between one version of the software and another. Generally SPSS installations tend to be backward compatible, but users might want to be a little more careful when moving in the other direction. They’re less likely to be forward compatible, so manual data entry could still be needed in many situations. In addition, you may find more information about boxplot SPSS  by visiting our site.



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How to Boxplot SPSS Easily?

How to Boxplot SPSS EasilyMaking a boxplot with the SPSS software is an excellent way to show off the results of a data analysis. Nevertheless, it might be a little confusing to those who are first-time users of the program. Keep in mind that the initial data needs to be organized in the first place in order to make it usable. Otherwise the boxplots that come out of it will be assigned to different variables. That can be a serious problem in the end, so take a few moments to make sure they’re all assigned right. Besides, those who go to buy SPSS software off the Internet will invariably come to a variety of sketchy vendors. Use our guide to find an official dealer and get a good price.

Drawing a Plot

Those who want to draw a SPSS boxplot on a blank sheet should follow along with the tutorial steps that show how it’s done:

1) Open the data up in the SPSS program.

2) Navigate to the Analyze menu and then select Descriptive Statistics.

3) Use the Descriptive Statistics Explore feature.

4) Select the variables that need to be explored and then click left-pointing arrows next to each one in order to move them over to the Dependents box.

5) Check to ensure the variables were moved to said box correctly; it should be on the top right side. Approve the dialogue box and then give the program time to generate the plot.

Users who follow all five steps in order to generate a regular boxplot will probably be rather confused by the outcome. The software will often generate a stem-and-leaf chart and a pair of Q-Q plots along with it. One of the Q-Q plots will come standard while the other will be de-trended. These can be safely ignored, but make sure that the box plot has reasonable values. Sometimes an error will result and give a strange-looking image.

Looking at Graphs

The question then always comes up about what the best way to present these graphs is. Many people will print them, but this isn’t an option in classes that require people to hand them in via electronic methods. The SPSS software can export things as images, or a screenshot could be taken. Those who have the right plug-in options might want to look at presenting their graphs as PDF documents, since this is becoming a common way to replace print altogether. Moreover, you may learn more about how to bootstrap SPSS on our site.



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How to Bootstrap SPSS?

How to Bootstrap SPSSBy using bootstrapping in SPSS it’s possible to create models that are generally more reliable, and as a result it’s possible to get rather accurate results. This is excellent news for those who are trying to use statistics as a method of deciding which decisions to take, though it shouldn’t at all be confused with the system that’s known as a decision tree. These are instead used to test other things and provide validation data about those sets. This is useful in academic settings as well, which is why it’s becoming an important part of a student’s curriculum. Moreover, learning how to do any work with the Amos features is difficult. Read our SPSS Amos tutorial and be prepared to use these advanced types of statistical analysis.

SPSS Bootstrapping Features

Those who are learning how to use the bootstrap functions should probably better familiarize themselves with all of the various things that the software can do for them. Those who configure it correctly can use it to:

  • Test analytical model stability
  • Examine the procedures found in the product family
  • Test descriptive features
  • Analyze means
  • Explore cross tabs
  • Experiment with correlations
  • Plot regressions
  • Estimate sampling distribution
  • See alternate data set versions

Those who use the software to examine alternate data sets should probably be careful. It’s possible to create thousands upon thousands of different alternate designs based on exploring variables. Scientific method types will insist that only one variable should be changed at a time to make sure that any results drawn from the system are traceable to only one alternation. Additional alternations make it hard to figure out which specific thing changed the system up.

In addition it’s far too easy to get carried away with making changes and then end up with a page that’s generating data left and right. This can slow down an already slow system.

Estimates Using the System

There’s another good reason that the system should be tried. It can estimate standard errors and various confidence intervals. This makes it an excellent way to see the median, mean and proportion of a specific population parameter. Any time these words are dropped inside of an academic assignment they’re quite possibly keys from an instructor to take on this specific type of analysis, which is why they’re seldom seen in environments that lack this software. Besides, those who go to buy SPSS software off the Internet will invariably come to a variety of sketchy vendors. Use our guide to find an official dealer and get a good price.

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How to Buy SPSS Online?

How to Buy SPSS OnlineTrying to buy SPSS applications off the Internet can be extremely confusing, and sticker shock is a huge problem. It’s easy to run up a tab that makes it look like the software can only be had for tens of thousands of dollars. There are academic discounts available for those users who qualify, and those who need to use it for a short period of time can actually end up renting out a license. This is a great way to save money when in a pinch and up against the wall. In addition, programmers and students who want to know how to aggregate data in SPSS can certainly do themselves a favor by taking a look at our professional guide.

Don't hesitate to turn to our statisticians. We are proud to offer you quality statistical services supported by 100% money back guarantee. Regardless of the test and software you choose, you can expect from us:
  • comprehensive task evaluation and quick quote
  • custom approach to your statistical project
  • accurate data analysis and detailed interpretation
  • constant project progress updates
  • free adjustments and timely delivery
Let us take care of your data!

Ordering from a Vendor

When buying SPSS make sure to only use an official vendor. Those who go through the official channels will expect not to be cheated. There are several packages available. The IBM SPSS Statistics Standard program features:

= Stats Base

= Advanced Stats Installer

= Custom Tables

= Regression Analysis

The next package up, which is called the Professional Base, includes each of these features:

= Stats Base

= Advanced Installer

= Categories functions

= Custom tables

= Data prep

= Decision trees

= Forecasting

= Missing Values

= Regression

Additionally there’s a premium bundle for those who need AMOS and other such advanced options. That being said, buying any of these bundles is an excellent way to run up a huge bill. There are better ways available for those who are willing to shop around. Shopping around doesn’t mean traveling to a strange site though. Look for an official renter who is willing to rent out licenses, since this sort of an arrangement can help to cut down on the amount that ends up as an out of pocket expense at the end of the day.

Getting a Good Deal

buy spss

Going to buy SPSS is usually confusing because most options are geared toward an enterprise-level solution. IBM generally sells licenses to large organizations, and doesn’t really have much in the way of academic features. That might be why so many universities are buying SPSS licenses and individual users can’t. This is precisely why an industry has sort of sprung up surrounding the rental of such licenses. Look at college textbook stores that have gone online, because they’ll sometimes rent it out. Moreover, learning how to do any work with the Amos features is difficult. Read our SPSS Amos tutorial and be prepared to use these advanced types of statistical analysis.


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