# How to Work with Crosstabs in SPSS

Crosstabs is an SPSS process that cross-tabulates two variables, thus showing their liaison in tabular type. Contrary to Frequencies, which summarizes details about one variable, Crosstabs produces details about bivariate relationship. To calculate Chi-Square in SPSS, we utilize a cross-tabulation, crosstab for short, which shows the frequencies of joint occurrences among two variables.

## How to Use Crosstabs in SPSS Research

Crosstabs makes a table that comprises a cell for every arrangements of groups in the two variables.

• Inside each cell is the number of instances that match that particular combination of reactions.
• SPSS can also review the row, column, and whole percents for each cell of the table.

Because Crosstabs make a row for each value in 1 variable and a column for apiece value in the other, the process isn’t desirable for ongoing variables that presume many values. Crosstabs is planned for separate variables–commonly those measured on ordinal  nominal or scales.

## How to Run Crosstab SPSS Analysis

This information will explain to you how to Running the Crosstabs option in SPSS. Here is Brief Secrets and techniques for Crosstabs (Cross tabulations and Chi-Square) in SPSS. (Note that these screenshots are from version 9.0, and that you utilize version 10.0, which is fairly near.)Let’s take a look, How to Perform with Crosstabs in SPSS with screen shot.

Let’s say you desire to run a two-way chi-square. To do this in SPSS you necessitate to utilize the Crosstabs option. To carry up the Crosstabs window.

Crosstabs can be discovered within the Descriptives menu of SPSS. Just click Analyze -Descriptive Statistics — Crosstabs.

Choose variable for your column. Select the purple arrow to shift the variable to the Column(s) box.

Choose a variable for your row(s) by selecting on it. Click the purple arrow to shift the preferred variable to the Row(s) boxSelect the Statistics box.

Look up the research literature or the SPSS manual when preferring inferential statistics for your crosstabs. In this instance, the sample size is tiny and non-random. Hence, we’ll simply run cross-tabs.  Make ensure that the box for “Chi-square” is selected. Then click “Continue”.

Select Cells. Make ensure that the, Expected, Observed, Column, Row and all options are selected.

Look up the SPSS manual when selecting your display options. Then Click Continue.

Select Format.

Select Continue.

Sample Output.

The table comprises the same sorts of information. It is got the noticed and predicted frequencies for each cell and it is got the row and column wholes.

Finally, we interpret the test in everyday terms, which also entails we look more intimately at the crosstab table as well. Do note that care must be taken in interpreting Chi-Square crosstabs as it is not invariably perfectly clear where the significant differences among scores lie.